Kurash is an ancient Martial Art that originated in the territory of modern Uzbekistan. The sport first appeared at the inaugural Asian Martial Arts Games in Bangkok 2005 and was on the programme for the 2013 Games in Incheon.
Kurash is an Uzbek word that means reaching the goal in a just or fair way. Two contenders face each other on the gilam, a surface of mats similar to a tatami in Judo.
The goal of the competitors is to throw their opponent off his or her feet. Action is allowed only in a standing position, and only throws and leg sweeps can be used. Any techniques using an armlock, choking or kicking, as well as grips below the belt, are strictly prohibited.
Wrestlers score through appraisals from the referee, or cautions. The three points for appraisal are Khalol, Yonbosh and Chala:
- Khalol: throw your opponent on their back with full control, force and speed
- Yonbosh: similar to Khalol; two Yonbosh makes a Khalol
- Chala: the least signi cant score, no number of Chala can equal a Yonbosh.
The penalties are Girrom, Dakki and Tanbekh. Girrom means disqualification and direct end of the bout.
Kurash dates back at least 3,500 years. Almost 2,500 years ago, the ancient Greek philosopher and historian Herodotus made a note of Kurash as a common practice for people living in the territory where modern Uzbekistan is located.
World Championships have been held since 1999, the first in Tashkent (Uzbekistan).
At Ashgabat 2017
The Koresh competitions at Ashgabat 2017 will take place at the Martial Arts Arena from 20–22 September, and will consist of 15 medal events with seven for men and eight for women.
-60kg, -66kg, -73kg, -81kg, -90kg, -100kg, +100kg
-48kg, -52kg, -57kg, -63kg, -70kg, -78kg, -87kg, +87kg
The competition will take a straightforward elimination format with bronze medals being awarded to both losing semi-finalists.
- The first Kurash world senior championship was held in May 1999 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan
- The Kurash uniform includes wide white trousers and a loose shirt. An essential part of the uniform is a fabric belt used to hold an opponent
- Kurash competitions are held on a special mat with thickness of at least 5cm divided in three areas
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