Chess is played by millions of people worldwide. It is a two-player strategy game played on a checkered gameboard with 64 squares, split into 32 black and 32 white spaces and arranged in an 8×8 grid.
Each player begins with 16 pieces. All of the 6 different types of pieces move differently, with the most powerful piece being the queen and the least powerful the pawn. The pieces are laid out in the same way for every game and the game always starts with the person using the white pieces moving first.
The objective is to checkmate the opponent’s king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. To this end, a player’s pieces are used to attack and capture the opponent’s pieces, while supporting their own.
The word checkmate in Chess comes from the Persian phrase ‘Shah Mat’, which means ‘the King is dead’. In addition to checkmate, the game can be won if an opponent resigns, or checkmate appears unavoidable. A game can also end in a draw. The longest game of chess that is theoretically possible is 5,949 moves.
Chess is believed to have been derived from the Indian game chaturanga sometime before the 7th century. In turn, chaturanga is the likely ancestor of east Asian strategy games like xiangqi, janggi, and shogi. The first chessboard with alternating light and dark squares as it appears today was made in Europe in 1090.
Chess pieces assumed their current powers in Spain in the late 15th century. The rules were standardised in the 19th century. The first generally recognised World Chess Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz, won his title in 1886.
Since 1948, the world championship has been regulated by FIDE, the game’s international governing body. FIDE awards titles to skilled players, the highest of which is grandmaster.
At Ashgabat 2017
In September, 10 medal events in men's and women's Chess will be contested over seven days at the Chess Arena from 21–27 September. The five events in each category are Standard Individual, Rapid Team, Rapid U-23 Team, Blitz Team and Blitz U-23 Team.
This category will be conducted according to the seven-round Swiss System where the top three players shall be awarded the Gold, Silver and Bronze medals, in case of a tie, a tie-break will be applied.
Rapid / Blitz Team
This category will be conducted according to the five-round Swiss System where the top four higherst placed players will contend the semi-finals and the winners go on to content the final. Bronze medals will be awrded to the semi-final losers.
Rapid U-23 / Blitz U-23
These will also be contensted over the same five-round Swiss System as the full senior category.
- The longest game of chess that is theoretically possible is 5,949 moves
- The first chessboard with alternating light and dark squares (as it appears today) was made in Europe in 1090
- The word "Checkmate" in Chess comes from the Persian phrase "Shah Mat" which means "the King is dead"
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