Bowling is a throwing sport in which a ball is thrown towards pins in an effort to knock them down and earn points.
One game of bowling consists of 10 frames where the goal is to knock down the largest number of pins possible within a limited number of tries. Bowling has a unique scoring system which keeps track not only of the current pinfall in a frame, but also strikes and spares which allow for the value of subsequent pinfall. Effectively, there are three kinds of marks given in a score; a strike (all ten down in the first ball), a spare (all ten down by the second ball), and an open (one or more missed pins still standing after the second ball.
The perfect game is scored at 300 points, meaning that the bowler was able to accomplish 12 consecutive strikes in the game.
- During the 1988 Summer Olympics, bowling was featured as a demonstration sport in Seoul, Korea
- A bowling ball must weigh ten to sixteen pounds and be no larger than 27 inches in circumference
- Indoor bowling lanes made their debut in 1840 in New York City
Days of competition: 7 days
Competition dates: 21–27 September
Medal events: 6
Competition venue: Bowling Centre