Bowling is a throwing sport in which a ball is thrown down a lane towards pins in an effort to knock them down and earn points. 

Ten-pin bowling is the most widespread variant and has been on the Asian Indoor Games’ schedule since the event in Macau, China, in 2007. 

A game of bowling consists of 10 frames. The goal is to knock down the highest number of pins possible in the 10 frames to earn points. 

There are three kinds of scores that can be given in any one frame; a strike (all ten pins fall down on the first ball), a spare (all ten pins fall down by the second ball), and an open frame (one or more pins are still standing after the second ball). 

The perfect game in 10-pin Bowling is 300 points. To earn that score a bowler needs to throw 12 consecutive strikes in a game. 

The earliest known forms of bowling date back to ancient Egypt. Remnants of balls used at the time were found among artifacts dating back to 3200BC. Similar games were played in ancient Rome and many variants of bowling have been played throughout the world from the Middle Ages onwards.

Indoor bowling lanes made their debut in 1840 in New York. The first World Bowling Championships were held in Helsinki, Finland, in 1954. 

Bowling was featured as a demonstration sport at the Seoul 1988 Olympics but never made it to the official Olympic programme. 

At Ashgabat 2017 
Over seven days of competition at the Ashbagat 2017 5th Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games, men and women will contest for titles in singles, doubles and teams. There will be six gold medals awarded in total. The competition will be held between 21–27 September at the Bowling Centre. 

Competition format
Bowlers will be drawn into two groups and play each other before the leading eight players advance to a straight knock-out phase from the quarter-finals.

Quick Facts

  • During the 1988 Summer Olympics, bowling was featured as a demonstration sport in Seoul, Korea
  • A bowling ball must weigh ten to sixteen pounds and be no larger than 27 inches in circumference
  • Indoor bowling lanes made their debut in 1840 in New York City

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